Pinel, Philippe

(1745-1826)
   physician
   one of the pioneers of modern psychiatry, Philippe Pinel was born in Saint-André d'Alayrac, Tarn, and practiced medicine at the important hospitals of Bicêtre and Salpêtrière. The teacher of jean-éti-enne esquirol, he dedicated himself to the study of mental illnesses and had the great concept of abolishing the brutal therapeutic methods to which the mentally ill were subjected, and replacing them with humane and enlightened treatment. He recommended also that facilities for the mentally ill be changed from institutions to hospitals. Pinel's major writings include Nostalgie de la philosophie (1798-1818) and Traité medico-philosophique sur l'aliénation mentale ou la manie (1801), in which he classified mental illnesses into four categories: melancholy, mania, dementia, and idiocy. Pinel, a professor at the university of Paris, was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1803.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinel, Philippe —    (1745–1826)    One of the founders of modern psychiatry, Pinel was born into a medical family in a village near Castres in southwest France, graduating as doctor of medicine from Toulouse in 1773. In 1778, he came up to Paris, making a meager… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Pinel, Philippe — ▪ French physician born April 20, 1745, Saint André, Tarn, Fr. died Oct. 25, 1826, Paris  French physician who pioneered in the humane treatment of the mentally ill (mental hygiene).       Arriving in Paris (1778), he supported himself for a… …   Universalium

  • PINEL, PHILIPPE —    a French physician, distinguished for the reformation he effected, against no small opposition, in the treatment of the insane, leading to the abandonment everywhere of the cruel, inhuman methods till then in vogue (1745 1826) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pinel, Philippe-François — vero nome di Dumanoir …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Пинель Филипп / Pinel, Philippe — (1745 1826). Пинель ратовал за более гуманное обращение с душевнобольными, которых в те времена многие считали нечистыми и одержимыми злым духом. Он предложил альтернативное объяснение психической болезни, связав нарушенное поведение с… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Philippe Pinel — (* 20. April 1745 in Jonquières im Departement Tarn; † 25. Oktober 1826 in Paris) war ein französischer Psychiater und seit 1794 leitender Arzt am Hôpital Salpêtrière und setzte dort zuerst eine ärztliche Behandlung ohne Zwangsmaßnahmen durch. Um …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philippe Pinel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Phillipe Pinel Philippe Pinel (20 de abril de 1745 25 de octubre de 1826) fue un médico francés dedicado al estudio y tratamiento de las enfermedades mentales. Pertenece al grupo de pensadores que constituyeron la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • PINEL (P.) — PINEL PHILIPPE (1745 1826) Aliéniste français à qui est attribuée la «libération», sous la Révolution, des malades à l’intérieur des asiles. Après des études classiques au collège de Lavaur (Tarn) puis ecclésiastiques au collège de l’Esquille à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pinel — (Philippe) (1745 1826) médecin aliéniste français. Nommé médecin chef à l hôpital de Bicêtre (1793), il abolit les traitements violents jusqu alors en usage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Philippe Pinel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pinel. Philippe Pinel Philippe Pinel Naissance 20 avril …   Wikipédia en Français

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